Carp and his secrets

After many years of carp fishing, I realized quite spontaneously that I probably don’t know much about this striking fish. So, I decided to do a little research and introduce myself to the carp itself and its characteristics, which can often be quite right for us when hunting.

As we know, our carp are widespread in most freshwater habitats, as they are highly adaptable to the conditions in them. They can tolerate such low oxygen content (up to 7%) up to different water temperatures from 2 to 40 ° C and pH between 5.5 and 10, ie from acidic, neutral and basic water. The first specimens were to be found more than 2000 years ago in the Danube Delta, which was of torpedo-shaped pain and golden yellow. Throughout history, however, we are also strongly associated with them, as it was one of the first fish that we began to grow initially for food and nowadays more for sport fishing, which is so popular among us.

Nowadays, there are three types of carp that have evolved from wild carp and are collectively referred to as farmed carp: the husk (full-body scales), the mirror (no husks), the vellusskinar (large husks but not the whole body), and KOI a carp native to Japan of all colors. They differ from wild carp in terms of body shape, since it has changed from a torpedo shape to a more round one, which is probably due to the way of eating or eating. more abundant eating.

The carp have very good hearing, which is the result of a well-developed hearing system consisting of three levels of hearing: the inner ear, linear sensors, and the Weberian apparatus, which most fish do not have and are made of several small pieces (carp are supposed to they had 4 or 5 pieces) that are connected together. This sensory system allows it to detect sound vibrations in the lower and wider spectra than most other fish. We can also take this into account and not make too much noise on the fishing itself. You will see how many times carp are active right near the edges of lakes, which we can use and easily catch some beauty. After all, my personal record was caught just 1m from the shore of the lake!

He uses two nostrils for the scent, these are two small openings near the eyes that allow them to breathe water through them, which passes through sensitive sensors that detect various odors in the water and helps him find food. In his mouth, however, he has chemically sensitive cells that tell him whether the food he finds is nutritious or not. As we can see, this system allows for a good perception of the nutrients themselves, such as: minerals, vitamins, which are necessary for the protection and growth of scales and skin, which protects it from external influences and parasites; while proteins and carbohydrates are important primarily for the growth, development and accumulation of mass before winter. So it is very important to choose the bait itself because it will even better recognize foods with lower energy content. with higher energy value, and because of this it will not return to our feed or. we will keep it in our feed.

The carps have the ability to see sideways and upwards about 49 ° to each eye. It has four different types of membranes in the eye, allowing it to see all the colors that we see and yet the ultraviolet that we do not detect. Of course, how good one sees depends on the purity of the water and the light, so in the dirty waters it sees very poorly, while in the clear waters and in the sunny weather it sees very well. That is why the preparation of the nuts and lead systems themselves is even more important in clean waters and we must give them special importance. They turn out well before florocarbon strings (we will talk about other strings and lead systems themselves in another article). Perceived space and elements in the surrounding area are enabled by the nerve fibers that it has under the skin along the entire lateral line. This lateral line, which runs from head to tail and is made up of very fine fluid. fluid filled tubes that open outwards with tiny pores. These pores act very much like a hair, allowing it to detect very small movements and to detect objects around it, and to detect dangers such as, for example. predators or us, fishermen.

So, as we can see, the behavioral pattern of carp, as with most animals, is how to avoid the dangers or dangers as much as possible. survive, feed and reproduce. Krap thinks about food in a way that uses as little energy as possible for a bite of energy. The only time a carp gives up food is during reproduction. Therefore, this time is the least suitable for carp. Intuitionary fear of danger and predators prove unnatural. sudden movements and vibrations on the water that, in principle, scare away the carp. I think that as fishermen, we need to study the behavioral patterns that carp develop through learning. They learn where the best food is readily available in its natural environment, so our choice of fishing location is very important and depends on the major factors that can be learned from the water we are fishing on, for example. vegetation in the lake, location and population of natural food, weather changes, water level, seasons … We can also reverse the vibration of water, because carp can make this predation by dropping various insects and fruits into the water and not by danger. This is mainly transcribed by his curious character, who often weighs the danger. On some lakes, for example. at Zaprešić we have a very opposite case, as long as it bursts and hits the water from racking, fish activity is usually higher. Again, for example, on the lake Šmartinsko, usually with more pressure on the water, the fish practically stops or retreats to other parts of the lake, of course, because the lake is large and has this potential. Therefore, it is important to obtain as much information as possible from fishing prior to fishing, for example from a previous visit to and observation of the lake, and much information can also be obtained from local fishermen, fishermen who have already fished on certain waters, and of course today through the Internet (through the forums, etc.), where we get almost all the information about the water itself. So carp is a constant process of learning and thinking about new hunting tactics, and I think that gives this charm to the carp, because you are constantly discovering these observations and the differences between carp behavior in individual lakes and / or. I said. My advice: never stop thinking about the carp itself, its properties, the lures and the carp, and success will not be out of the question!

I hope my article has been helpful. Good reception!

Primož Artiček
Team CarpChoice